Chances are, if you have bunions, you know it: the classic bump on the side of your toe that hurts like crazy when you wear certain shoes or do lots of walking.
What are Bunions?
Bunions are a deformity of the bone in the toe which is caused by an inflammation of the bursa sacs (small, fluid-filled sacs that reside in the connective tissues of the body). This inflammation forces the toe out of alignment and causes a bump to form on the outside of the toe. As a bunion grows, it becomes uncomfortable and painful, particularly where it rubs against footwear. Left untreated, bunions can make it difficult to walk. While the bunions themselves are not hereditary, the deformity in the foot structure that causes them is often passed on from one generation to the next. Bunions can also be aggravated by improperly fitting footwear or shoes that have very tight toe boxes.
Bunions are a condition we commonly treat at Central Jersey Ankle & Foot Care. After taking a medical history and completing a thorough exam, one of our board certified podiatrists, Dr. Christopher J. Mullin or Dr. Jessica A. Addeo, will develop a treatment plan that’s right for you. There are several options your foot doctor may prescribe, depending on how far your bunion has developed and your lifestyle. These include:
- Applying an ice pack to the bunions and taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications for pain relief
- Changing your footwear to shoes that have a roomy area for toes
- Using pads to cushion the bunion and reduce pain and inflammation
- Orthotics—over-the-counter or custom fitted—to position the foot in a way that decreases pressure on the bunion
- Modifying your activities to avoid long stretches of being on your feet